Rational Nature

The use of electrolysis in the creation of waste-free water purification processes

Methods of water pre-treatment before baromembrane installations in order to remove the predominant amount of salts are proposed. The technological scheme of obtaining high-quality permiate in the amount of 90-95% of the initial volume of water during its preliminary stabilization treatment has been developed. The influence of various factors on the quality and yield of permiate has been established.

Optical-digital processor for thermal imaging surveillance systems image processing

Optical-digital processor for thermal imaging surveillance systems image processing

This paper investigates ways to increase the efficiency of coherent optical spectrum analyzers (COSA). The increase in efficiency is achieved through usage of space-time discrete light modulator in the COSA input and through recording of the spatial spectrum with a matrix detector (MD). The matching of the parameters of the modulator, Fourier lens and MD allowed to improve the technical characteristics of COSA. The matching means the choice of parameters of COSA’s components, which allow to obtain improved characteristics of the COSA.

System for ultrasonic cavitation water treatment

System for ultrasonic cavitation water treatment

A clear analysis of the efficient cavitation technologies and ultrasonic cavitation technological possession and the possible way to improve the efficiency of technological processes for the development of the stem of the cavitators with the high intensity of the ultrasound intensity
Found the main types of microorganisms, which can be present at the bacterially obstructed middle.
Carrying out prior microbiological follow-up to the flow of ultrasonic examination on microorganisms from the exemptions of the current acts.

Development of environmentally cleaner technologies for producing composite materials based on nanocellulose, microcrystalline and oxycellulose from domestic plant materials

Development of environmentally cleaner technologies for producing composite materials based on nanocellulose, microcrystalline and oxycellulose from domestic plant materials

It was found that cereal stems and industrial plant fibers contain more minerals than wood, which must be taken into account in the pulping process. The processes of cellulose production from stems and fibers of non-wood plant materials (NWPM) have been investigated with an ecologically safer organosolvent method of delignification using peracetic and performic acids. The influence of the main technological parameters of cooking on the quality indicators of theobtained pulp from NWPM is determined.

Development of thermal surveillance systems image quality criteria for different purposes and equipment for their determination

Development of thermal surveillance systems image quality criteria for different purposes and equipment for their determination

A comprehensive methodology for evaluating the efficiency of the functioning of the information environment, which includes a thermal imaging surveillance system (TPSS), installed on mobile carriers, such as drones, micro- and nano-satellites, has been developed. Basic scenarios for performing typical surveillance tasks are discussed, namely, finding, detecting, recognizing and identifying objects against the background of internal system noise, or noise whose energy brightness is described by Gaussian distribution.

Development of underground urbanism as a system of exploration of large cities' geo- resources

Development of underground urbanism as a system of exploration of large cities' geo- resources

The risks of underground construction are estimated and the mechanism of structural failure due to dynamic effects from metro trains in conditions of sandy water saturated soils is established, which is associated with secondary subsidence of the metrotunnel during deformation of the soil base with the formation of a creeping prism, with different intensities of this process along the tunnel route.

Creating and characteristics research of university CubeSat format nano-satellites for remote observation of the Earth

The work is devoted to the creation of a nanosatellite (CdS) format Cubesat, 3U by developing, modeling and researching efficient service subsystems to provide a payload - an opto- electronic scanner with a capability of shooting in the range of up to 30 m when it operates in orbit at altitudes up to 700 km.
The above works are carried out by the students of the undergraduate, postgraduate students and research staff of the following faculties: TEF, PTF, FEL, FAA, PBF and MMI, as well as attract specialists of PJSC "Pivdenne" (Dnipropetrovsk) as consultants.

The complex of devices for monitoring and diagnostics of gas analytical systems for the determination of cyanide conduit.

The potential range of electrochemical stability of titanium and catalytically active electrodes based on it in solutions of sulfuric and perchloric acid is determined. It was established that the production of hydrogen cyanide in the process of anodic oxidation of thiocyanate with a current efficiency of HCN of about 100% is possible using a 1 M KSCN solution.

Using of the potential of hydrobionts for the conversion of biosources and wastewater pollution

A new technology of processing of bioremediation with obtaining energy carriers while simultaneously clearing sewage from fish farms with a closed cycle of water supply has been developed. A closed cycle of waste processing has been created, in which at each stage the necessary association of microorganisms is selected. The purification of sewage from biogenic elements is proposed with the help of microalgae, the metabolism of which is guided by change for the purpose of increased release of triacylglycerols (raw materials for biodiesel fuel production).

Protection of surface water bodies against pollution by nutrients and heavy metal ions

New methods have been developed for sample preparation and analysis of heavy metal ions in water based on polarography, which provide an accuracy of 2-6 orders of magnitude higher than those known today. Methods for determining trace concentrations of heavy metal ions in water have been developed. New processes of separation and removal of ions of heavy metals, chromates and other anions from acidic and alkaline solutions have been studied and developed to produce metals and chemical reagents suitable for reuse.

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