A simulation model was developed for the first time. That model takes into account variable temperature gradients, the scheme of reinforcement of multilayer PCM under conditions of complex dynamic and vibration load. For the first time, a phenomenological model of scattered destruction of anisotropic structural materials was developed. The main thermopower parameters of the operational load and the anisotropy coefficient were taken into account. A new method for estimating the strength of bolted joints of composite panels has been developed.