A new approach to the creation of composite wear-resistant coatings is proposed, which consists in realizing the advantages of combining the effect of mechanical nanocrystallization and mechanochemical reactions in the near-surface layers treated with ultrasonic impact treatment (UIT) in chemically active and inert media. This fundamentally distinguishes the proposed technique from the known methods of synthesis of bulk composite materials and provides more effective, compared to heat treatment and standard UIT schemes, surface hardening.
ультразвукова ударна обробка
Essentially new scientific knowledge has been obtained on the physico-materials science basics and the laws of the surface layers hardening of the light structural alloys by ultrasonic shock treatment (UST) at cryogenic temperatures. These regularities are due to the suppression of the dynamic return processes and dynamic recrystallization, as well as the effect of the dislocations annihilation under the action of the deep cooling factor.