About 70 to 75% of the energy consumed by the elements of transmit modules (TM) for active phased antenna arrays (APAA) is converted into heat. This heat, if dissipated inefficiently, can cause the element base to overheat, thus reducing the reliability of the radar. The task of ensuring the normal thermal regime of TMs for APAAs is complicated by the large-scale integration of electronic components inside the TMs.
For lighting in the world, 19 to 22% of the generated electricity is consumed. The introduction of energy-saving technologies in lighting systems will provide significant energy savings and improve the environmental state by reducing emissions of thermal power plants in the environment. One way to save energy in lighting is to switch to LED lighting. Light output of LED light sources is 10 times higher than the light output of incandescent lamps and 2 times - compact fluorescent lamps containing mercury.