Thermomolecular accumulator with the new working medium based on heteregenious liophobic system.
The new results were obtained on the principles of thermomolecular energetics (TME) as a new theory of the use of potential energy of intermolecular interaction on developed surfaces in applied applications of accumulators with high specific (volumetric) energy capacity, with less consumption of structural materials. Three samples of the new type of accumulator with a high specific energy capacity have been created, which work on the principles of thermomolecular energetics using heterogeneous lyophobic systems as a new working media. Technical recommendations have been developed for the creation of TME accumulator industrial prototypes, which will be useful technical developments based on practical experience in the development and creation of working chambers for the new class accumulators. The method was developed for the synthesis of artificial fluids with the required value of the temperature derivative of surface tension: from 0.01 to 0.03 N/(m·K) for mechanical energy accumulators). The method has been developed for creating highly efficient heterogeneous working media for their intended purpose (accumulation, energy conversion) depending on the magnitude of the “intrusion pressure - extrusion pressure” hysteresis: not more than 5–10% for TME accumulators. The thermophysical properties of the components of heterogeneous lyophobic systems have been studied. The concept of designing unconventional TME-energy devices, in particular, accumulators (reducing the size and metal installations by 20÷30% due to the use of free surface energy in thermomechanical systems).