New substances and materials

Creation of breakthrough technologies for manufacturing components of irregular shape from composite materials for extreme operating conditions

The fundamentals of non-trivial additive technologies of 3D-printing and cold spraying (CS) for the manufacture of complex-shaped products from cermet and ceramic composites, as well as from multicomponent metal alloys, which are fundamentally different from existing analogs of costly foundry methods ensure the level of material properties required for their operation at temperatures above 600 °C, under conditions of high-speed multiple heating-cooling (1500 deg/min), cyclic loading and in an aggressive oxidizing environment.

High reliability local positioning navigation system

Algorithmic and technological approaches to the technological-constructive and algorithmic-software integration of the complex of navigation-visual modules and sensors are determined. A patent information study was carried out on a number of technical and technological solutions. A physical and mathematical model for solving navigation problems with the structure of a local navigation positional system has been developed. Optimal design parameters and operating modes of robotic platforms for a local navigation system have been developed.

Scientific bases of mechanochemical UIT-synthesis of wear-resistant coverings of structural alloys of aviation equipment for increase of military ability

A new approach to the creation of composite wear-resistant coatings is proposed, which consists in realizing the advantages of combining the effect of mechanical nanocrystallization and mechanochemical reactions in the near-surface layers treated with ultrasonic impact treatment (UIT) in chemically active and inert media. This fundamentally distinguishes the proposed technique from the known methods of synthesis of bulk composite materials and provides more effective, compared to heat treatment and standard UIT schemes, surface hardening.

Highly efficient modification of the metal surface with environmentally friendly compounds to provide new functional properties

Obtained ecologically safe compounds (organic compounds from plant extracts) for the formation of a passivation layer and modification of metal surfaces that meet global trends in the concept of sustainable development of "green" chemistry and "green" economy for enterprises.

R&D of new "hybrid" frame materials to increase the stability of the electrodes and the productivity of contact welding technology

The regularity of the formation of framework materials in the LaB6-TiB2-Cu systems was Regularities of formation of frame materials in the LaB6-TiB2-Cu system are established. Establishing the influence of technological parameters of the production process in the conditions of spark-plasma sintering and surface modification of ceramic reinforced particles on the structure, mechanical and electrical properties of the refractory frame. Spark-plasma sintering by temperatures of 850 ° C-1100 ° C was obtained composites (LaB6-TiB2) -Cu, with a content of refractory compound 2.5-70 vol.%.

Composite nanostructured materials with regulated the physicochemical properties

Prototypes of new catalysts and photocatalysts based on newly synthesized nanoscale metal oxides obtained, kinetic regularities of redox processes in which they participate in waste water determined. The experimental dependence of the degree of photocatalytic purification in model wastewater and the nature of the pollutant concentration established. Substantiation of technological parameters of the liquid-phase oxidation-reduction processes wastewater from the pollutants of various origins determined.

Innovative technologies and machine tool equipment for highly productive cutting by cutting modern structural materials

When implementing the project, a comprehensive research structure was applied, in which the choice of a specific type of research was determined by the goals and objectives that were solved at individual stages of its implementation. First, when developing mathematical models of the processes of shaping by cutting, an approach based on numerical and simulation modeling was used, and experimental design methods and regression analysis were used to determine some empirical parameters of the models.

Influence of the electronic structure of SiO2/TiO2/Fe2O3/Al2O3 nanocomposite cathodes obtained by shock-vibration treatment on the charge capacities of lithium current sources

For the intensive development of scientific and technological progress, it is necessary to use new materials with unique desired properties, such as high sorption ability, superconducting properties, high ability to accumulate electric charge, etc. Despite the intensive development of electrical engineering and an increase in the number of portable electronics, it is necessary to use portable sources energy with high rates of charge capacity and cyclability. Currently, one of the most promising is lithium current sources (LCS). Therefore, we can say with confidence that the search for new electrode materials that would provide the above features is undoubtedly an urgent task.

Measuring instrument of determination of microhardness and surface roughness of the details automatically on CNC machines

A new concept of constructing an automatic hardness gauge and a surface roughness meter has been created, unlike existing methods, it adheres to its TONTOR measurement technique. New approaches to obtaining microhardness and surface roughness of precision workpieces are based on the physical and mathematical principles of TONTOR technology, which involves measuring the parameters of interacting objects with respect to their field structures.

Competitive technology of molding structural products from traditional and nanomodified polymer composite materials

A new competitive technology has been developed for the molding of structural products from traditional and nanomodified polymer composite materials (PCM) based on the use of effective low-frequency ultrasonic (US) cavitation modes in liquid polymer media. Effective processing parameters were established for the basic technological operations of preparing nanosuspensions, preliminary ultrasonic treatment, disintegration and mixing in the preparation of liquid nanomodified polymer compositions